The human mind "created" time. It then became aware of the development of events as a part of the environment in which it lived. Ever since, mankind has striven to represent time, measure it, estimate it, and by means of the measurements, understand it, use it, and finally dominate it.. It is difficult to find in the history of our species an older persistence. The objective that has persecuted the cartography through history has been the representation of the well-known and imagined world, the Universe, from the smallest to the greatest. The scientific mechanisms to get it were obtained by means of the mathematics and the physics, as he has only been able to progress in technology, in the search of a more and more perfect representation of the reality. The maps as we know them nowadays have many centuries of history behind. From the time the idea that the earth was round was first proposed by Thales of Miletus and later picked up by Ptolemy, it passed through eras of stagnation and even regression until the thirteenth century. At that point, mathematical geography took off and became an unstoppable progression to a detailed and trustworthy knowledge of the globe. We could establish like departure point of the modern scientific cartography two Flemish authors, A. Oertel and G. Kremer who along with the press play a determining role in the history of cartographic Engineering, bringing it within reach of the general population and never more a luxury available only to kings and the nobility. This Foundation thanks to the tireless pursuit of compilation done by a very learned Valencian scholar with an interest in Renaissance studies, pharmaceutical cartographer, map lover and patron like L. Giménez, as Dr. Manuel Chueca describes him in his laudatio, it allows us to understand the world of the cartography, through a journey through the sixteenth, seventeenth and eighteenth centuries . One of the most important collections that he brings to us, is that of the Valencia collection, that complements with other maps of the same time and authors, but that includes other regions of the Iberian Peninsula, with the intention to have a global vision of this period that coincides with the press and the beginning of the technical cartography. The chapter dedicated to this collection, is divided by schools, gathering the most excellent authors of the moment. All the maps included in this chapter correspond to original plates of the Fundación Giménez Lorente. The following cartographic collection formed by facsimiles, previous in the time to the previous one, has as centrepiece of the collection the portulan chart Atlas of Joan Martines dated in 1570 discovered and studied by the own Luis Giménez and that takes step to a series of charts and portulan chart atlases found in Spain that complete the collection.